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ITC-SRA Journal - Vol. 13 No.1 October 1999: Abstracts

ITC-SRA Journal - Vol. 13 No.1 October 1999: Abstracts

Creativity in Music - Rajyasree Bandhyopadhyay

"Music is the creative act of an artiste which results from Sublimation ( "psychological working") of his emotions. Originality and Flexibility of an artiste are the significant factors of his creative thinking. Creative thinking is a process which passes through four stages- Preparation, Incubation, Illumination and Verification. There can be no music without creativity, no creativity without flexibility & originality and no flexibility & originality without sublimation of emotions."

Music - An Eternal Quest: Shyamal Kr Chatterjee

"This paper deals with a newly emerging field of study, the Developmental Psychology of Music with special reference to Indian music. A comparative study between Piaget's theory as a starting point that assumes human beings are organized totalities capable of initiating action and Chomskey's linguistic theory which views man as a kind of computer with in-built processing. The main aim of the article is to focus the reader's attention to music learning with the learning of language. The article is of interest to the members of the music teaching profession and students of music, yet a lay reader may also find food for thought in some of the material as they effect all of us."

String Musical Instruments as Found in the Vedas - Didhiti Biswas "The vedic sacrificial books were concerned in giving detailed accounts on the rituals than entering into any discussion on music or musical instruments. This study attempts to present some information mostly from commentaries in the Vedic literature and sometimes with the associating words of expression. Wider participation of scholars in the study of unexplored literature would throw some light on this highly interesting subject."

The Many Splendoured Genius of Hazrat Amir Khusrau - E. S. Perera

"This is a glowing tribute to the versatile scholar, whose life and contribution to music is very much cherished. His lasting impact was on all the succeeding authors right from the 14th Century to the modern period who wrote their texts on the basis of Khusrau's new system of Raga classification called the Mela System."

Music Legacy Beyond Performances - Sisir Kumar Mukherjee

"The bearers of the rich Indian tradition of music legacy deserve due recognition for conserving it. Connoisseurs and the ordinary music lovers are faced with problems owing to the lack of proper media coverage. It would be a great achievement if the concept of Music Information Centres is established in all the four metropolitan cities of this country."

Significance of Sahitya in Hindustani Music - Falguni Mitra

"The study craves the indulgence of the reader to the lyrical aspect of classical vocal music. The appeal of vocal music lies both in the lyrics and melody, therefore, it is absolutely necessary that all performing vocalists give due attention to the pronunciation and accentuation of the lyrical content which could bring an added dimension to one's overall performance."


Scientific Research

Violin Quality and Bridge Mobility - Erik V Jansson

"In the measured bridge-mobility curves of a Stradivarius violin, two sharp prominent peaks were found at approximately 450 and 550 Hz, and a broad, rounded hill with maximum at approximately 2.5 kHz. The labeling P1 and P2 is suggested for the peaks in honor of Frederick Saunders (principal peak P) and BH, bridge hill for the 2.5 kHz hill. The P2 maximum is the highest, the BH one the second highest and the P1 one the lowest. Measured bridge mobility of soloist quality violins [E V Jansson, ACUSTICA acta acustica 83, 337-341 (1997)] and measured radiation of Italian violins [H Dünnwald, ACUSTICA 51, 281-287 (1982)] show similar features. The similarity indicates that the bridge mobility well predicts the sound reaching a listener's ear. A strong P1 and especially a strong P2 should be an indicator of a full tone. Balanced with the BH hill it indicates the quality of a good violin [work supported by KTH, Swedish Natural Science Research Council, Swedish Institute and Wenner-Gren Centre Foundations for Scientific Research]."

Psychoacoustics of the Musical Pitch of Tabla - David Courtney

"It is commonly said that the Indian drums in general, and the tabla-dayan in specific have harmonic spectra. However, a closer examination shows that there are still significant inharmonic relationships that have a major impact on the performance of the instrument. The relationship between such inharmonic characteristics and the technique reveal some very interesting psychoacoustic phenomena. One interesting phenomena is that the pitch of the tabla-dayan corresponds to a nonexistent frequency."

Application of New Scientific Method to Creation of Hindustani Ragas (1) - Subrata Chakrabarty

"The purpose of the present work is to apply the new scientific method proposed by the author to the creation of few two-raga combinations that can be produced on the basis of the prescription given in the earlier work. Interestingly, some of the ragas so produced match with those of common ragas so far as the scales are concerned."

Music Legacy Beyond Performances - Sisir Kumar Mukherjee

"The author, in this article, has tried to highlight the importance of the rich music legacy of our country as also to sustain its further growth. But for want of proper academic inter-action among the performers, the problems of their survival, are going gradually to be acute. Instances of updated concept of such inter-action abroad may help to nourish such an idea in our country for the further cause of conservation, as also, ameliorate problems, they are usually facing with."

Multiple States in a Note in Hindustani Music and their Relevance to Consonance - A K Datta, R Sengupta, N Dey, B M Banerjee and Dipali Nag

"Multiple steady pitch states are found to frequent in a single note in vocal performances of experienced singers in Hindustani music. Considering the acumen of these signers it does not appear to be just artifacts or aberrations. It is felt that some sort of principle of consonance may be behind this. A hypothesis of local consonance is postulated to explain this phenomenon. This local consonance envisages a short-term temporary memory and this consonance to be more of cognitive nature than just an absence of sub-cortical disturbances. This consonance is viewed as a positive pleasing sensation that the negation of a sense of displeasure. The hypothesis is tested with the recorded performances of experienced renowned singers. The concept of consonance seems to be more relevant in the cognitive domain rather than pre-attentive neuro-physiological level of inner ear."

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