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Gamak

A gamak can be defined as a fast meend (spanning 2-3 notes normally) delivered with deliberate force and vigour and repeated in an oscillatory manner. R G is a meend if it is a glide from R to G at a moderately slow tempo. But the same R G repeated twice or more at a relatively faster tempo, often forcefully, is termed as gamak. The gamak is distinguishable from the andolan because of its faster speed and its clearly audible starting and ending points. It is swar–based while the andolan is more shruti-based.

  1. ITC SRA scholar Samarth Nagarkar sings medium tempo gamaks in sargams followed by those in dhrupad-style syllables, both in raga Bhairav. Gamak- Track 30 Gamak
  2. Gamaks in Darbari Kanhada by Ulhas Kashalkar. Gamak- Track 31 Gamak Uk
  3. Ulhasji sings gamaks at different tempos mixed with meends in raga Komal Rishav Asavari. Gamak- Track 32 Gamak Uk
  4. Although gamaks have been traditionally associated with male singers, Shruti Sadolikar sings forceful gamaks in Nat. Thereafter, she sings a very rarely heard and difficult raga, Malshree. This raga has only four notes and demands gamak-oriented movements and patterns for its highly limited area of exposition. Gamak- Track 33 Gamak Ssk
  5. Excerpts from a gamak-based bandish, in Nayaki Kanhada by Guru Arun Bhaduri. Gamak- Track 34 Gamak Ab
  6. Like meends, gamaks of various kinds have been the forte of dhrupad singers. We have Falguni Mitra singing gamaks in raga Bihag. He begins with medium tempo light gamaks and follows it up with faster tempo heavy gamaks and includes some gamaks in sargams as well. Gamak- Track 35 Gamak Fm
  7. A gamak-based composition, Lyrics, in raga Malkauns by Falguni Mitra. Gamak- Track 36 Gamak Fm
  8. Medium tempo gamaks on the sitar followed by varieties of gamaks at a faster speed. The third part has gamaks played at a moderately high speed. Gamak- Track 37 Gamaksitar
  9. On the sarode we have slow gamaks where the oscillation is both ascending and descending. This is followed by faster gamaks in the lower octave that slowly moves up, gradually increasing the interval between the notes. Gamak- Track 38 Gamaksarode
  10. Gamaks of different types played by Buddhadev Das Gupta in raga Kafi Kanhada. Gamak- Track 39 Gamak Bdg
 
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